Historical Perspective

2001 NSF Proposal
Early Development of Graphene Electronics
Letter to the 2010 Nobel Committee

Publications

Graphene Papers
Carbon Nanotube Papers
Dissertations

Graphene Journal Publications

2020   2019   2018   2017   2016   2015   2014   2013  
2012   2011   2010   2009   2008   2007   2006   2004  

2020

1/f noise in epitaxial sidewall graphene nanoribbons
O. Vail, J. Hankinson, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, Z. Jiang, Applied Phys Lett. 083105 (2020). [HAL]

Highly ordered boron nitride/epigraphene epitaxial films on silicon carbide by lateral epitaxial deposition
J. Gigliotti, X. Li, S. Sundaram, J.-P. Turmaud, D. Deniz, Y. Hu, Y. Hu, V.  Prudkovskiy, G. Patriarche, F. Fossard, J.-B.Sébastien Mérot, A. Loiseau, U. Landmann, A. Ougazzaden, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, ACS Nano (submitted). [arXiv]

Energy levels and THz optical properties in graphene quantum dots
S. Massabeau, E. Riccardi, T. Apretna, M. Rosticher, C. Berger, W. A de Heer, J. Tignon, S. Dhillon, N Regnault, R. Ferreira, J. Mangeney, 2020 45th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz). [Link]

Non-invasive nanoscale potentiometry and ballistic transport in epigraphene nanoribbons
A. de Cecco, V. Prudkovskyi, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, H. Courtois, C. B. Winkelmann, Nano Lett. 20, 3786−3790 (2020) arXiv:2002.11024 [arXiv]

Flat and safe under the graphene sheet
C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, Nature Mat (2020). DOI 10.1038/s41563-020-0666-z [arXiv]

Atomic Force Microscopy Phase Imaging of Epitaxial Graphene films
F. Lavini, F. Cellini, Filippo; M. Rejhon, J. Kunc, C. Berger, W.A.de Heer, E. Riedo, J. Phys Mat 3, 024005 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1088/2515-7639/ab7a02 [HAL]

Production and processing of graphene and related materials
C. Backes, […] C. Berger , […] et al., 2D Mater. 7 022001 (283 pages) (2020) (review, 283 pages). [HAL]

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2019

An epigraphene platform for coherent 1D nanoelectronics
V. Prudkovskiy, Y. Hu, K. Zhang, Y. Hu, P. Ji, G. Nunn, J. Zhao, C. Shi, A. Tejeda, A. De Cecco, C. Winkelmann, Y. Jiang, T. Zhao, Z. Jiang, L. Ma, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, arXiv:1910.03697 [HAL]

THz Absorption In Graphene Quantum Dots
S. Massabeau, J. Mangeney, E. Riccardi, M. Rosticher, C. Berger, W. de Heer, S. Dhillon, R. Ferreira, 2019 44th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz). [Link]

Valley and Zeeman Splittings in Multilayer Epitaxial Graphene Revealed by Circular Polarization Resolved Magneto-infrared Spectroscopy
Y. Jiang, Z. Lu, J. Gigliotti, A. Rustagi, L. Chen, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, C. J. Stanton, D. Smirnov, Z. Jiang, Nano Lett. 19, 7043 (2019). [arXiv]

Layer dependence of graphene-diamene phase transition in epitaxial and exfoliated few-layer graphene using machine learning
F. Cellini, F. Lavini, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, E. Riedo, 2D Materials 6, 035043 (2019). arXiv:1901.09071 [arXiv]

Identifying the number of layers in Epitaxial Graphene films by Atomic Force Microscopy Phase Imaging
F. Lavini, F. Cellini, W. de Heer, C. Berger, E. Riedo, Appl Phys Lett (submitted).

Efficient room temperature coupling of spin-orbitronics sources and drains using a graphene channel
M-B. Martin, H. Yang, S. Xavier, C. Deranlot, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, R. Galceran, F Petroff, A. Fert, A. Anane, B. Dlubak, P. Seneor, Nature Electronics (Submitted).

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2018

Epitaxial two-layer graphene under pressure: Diamene stiffer than Diamond
Elisa E., A. Bongiorno, C. Berger, F. Cellini, F. Lavini, T. Cao, W. de Heer, FlatChem 10, 8-13 (2018). [HAL]

Ultrahard carbon film from epitaxial two-layer graphene
Yang Gao, Tengfei Cao, Filippo Cellini, Claire Berger, Walt A. de Heer, Erio Tosatti, Elisa, Riedo, Angelo Bongiorno, Nature Nano 13, 133 (2018). [arXiv]

Epigraphene
C. Berger, E.H. Conrad, W. A. de Heer, Landolt – Börstein encyclopedia -Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2018 G. Chiarotti, P. Chiaradia (eds.), Physics of Solid Surfaces, Subvolume B, Chapter 166 (pp1-87). arXiv:1704.00374. Invited review. [arXiv]

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2017

Saturable Absorption In Multilayer Epitaxial Graphene Driven By Mid-Infrared Quantum Cascade Lasers
P. Huand, S. Houver, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, R. Ferreira, J. Tignon, A. Ouerghi, S. Dhillon, J. Mangeney, 2017 42nd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz 2017). [Link]

Band Gap Opening Induced by the Structural Periodicity in Epitaxial Graphene Buffer Layer
M. N. Nair, I. Palacio, A. Celis, A. Zobelli, A. Gloter, S. Kubsky, J.-P. Turmaud, M. Conrad, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, E. H. Conrad, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, A. Tejeda, Nano letters 17, 2681−2689 (2017). [HAL]

Evidence of Fermi level pinning at the Dirac point in epitaxial multilayer graphene
S. Massabeau, M. Baillergeau, T. Phuphachong, C. Berger, W. de Heer, S. Dhillon, J. Tignon, L. A. de Vaulchier, R. Ferreira, J. Mangeney, Phys Rev B 95, 085311 (6pp) (2017). [HAL]

Symmetry-breaking supercollisions in Landau-quantized graphene
F. Wendler, M. Mittendorff, J. König-Otto, S. Brem, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, H. Schneider, M. Helm, S. Winnerl, E. Malic, Phys Rev Lett 119, 067405 (6pp) (2017). [arXiv]

Four-Wave Mixing in Landau-Quantized Graphene
J. C. König-Otto, Y. Wang, A. Belyanin, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, M. Orlita, A. Pashkin, H. Schneider, M. Helm, S. Winnerl, Nano Letters 17, 2184−2188 (2017). [HAL]

Epitaxial graphene on SiC: 2D sheets, selective growth and nanoribbons
C. Berger, D. Deniz, J. Gigliotti, J. Palmer, J. Hankinson, Y. Hu, J-P Turmaud, R. Puybaret, A. Ougazzaden, A. Sidorov, Z. Jiang, W. A. de Heer, Invited review in ”Growing graphene on semiconductors”, Eds: N. Motta, C. Coletti, F. Iacopi, Pan Stanford Publishing, pp181-199 (2017). (arXiv:1611.08937). [arXiv]

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2016

Temperature-dependent THz Conductivity Of Graphene
J. Mangeney, S. Massabeau, M. Baillergeau, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, S. Dhillon, J. Tignon, L.-A.- de Vaulchier, R. Ferreira, 41st International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz waves (IRMMW-THz) (2016).

Microscopic Origins of the Terahertz Carrier Relaxation and Cooling Dynamics in Graphene
M.T. Mihnev, F. Kadi, C.J. J. Divin, T. Winzer, S. Lee, C.-H. Liu, Z. Zhong, X. Wang, R.S. Ruoff, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, E. Malic, A.Knorr, T.B.Norris, Nature Communication 7, 11617 (2016). [HAL]

Role of Transient Reflection in Graphene Nonlinear Infrared Optics
R. J. Suess, S. Winnerl, H. Schneider, M. Helm, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, T. E. Murphy, M. Mittendorff, ACS Photonics 3, 1069−1075 (2016). [HAL]

Far-Infrared Nonlinear Optics in Multilayer Epitaxial Graphene
R. J. Suess, S. Winnerl, H. Schneider, M. Helm, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, T. E. Murphy, M. Mittendorff, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) 2016. [Link]

Graphene nanoribbons: fabrication, properties and devices
A. Celis, M. N. Nair, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, E. H. Conrad C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, A. Tejeda, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 49 (2016) 143001 (17pp) (invited). [HAL]

Slow non-collinear Coulomb scattering in the vicinity of the Dirac point in graphene
J. C. König-Otto, M. Mittendorff, T. Winzer, E. Malic, A. Knorr, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, A. Pashkin, H. Schneider, M. Helm, S. Winnerl, Phys Rev Lett 117, 087401 (2016). [HAL]

Nano selective area growth of GaN by MOVPE on 4H-SiC using epitaxialgraphene as a mask: towards integrated III-nitride / graphene / SiC electronics and optoelectronics
R. Puybaret,G. Patriarche, M. B. Jordan, S. Sundaram, Y. El Gmili, J.-P. Salvestrini, P. L. Voss, W. A. de Heer, C. Berger, A. Ougazzaden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 103105 (2016). [arXiv]

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2015

Electronic cooling via Interlayer coulomb coupling in multilayer epitaxial graphene
M. T. Mihnev, J. R. Tolsma, C. J. Divin, D. Sun, R. Asgari, M. Polini, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, A. H. MacDonald, T. B. Norri, Nature Comm 6, 8105 (2015). [arXiv]

Carrier dynamics in Landau-quantized graphene featuring strong Auger scattering
M. Mittendorff, F. Wendler, E. Malic, A. Knorr, M. Orlita, M. Potemski, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, H. Schneider, M. Helm, S. Winnerl, Nature Phys. 11, 75-81 (2015). DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS3164 [HAL]

SU(4) symmetry breaking revealed by magneto-optical spectroscopy in epitaxial graphene
L. Z. Tan, M. Orlita, M. Potemski, J. Palmer, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, S. G. Louie, G. Martinez, Physical Review B 91, 235122(9pp) (2015). [arXiv]

Atomic structure of epitaxial graphene sidewall nanoribbons: sub-nanoribbons and band-gap
I. Palacio, A. Celis, M. N. Nair, A. Gloter, A. Zobelli, M. Sicot, D. Malterre, M. S. Nevius, Walt A. de Heer, C. Berger, E. H. Conrad, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, A.Tejeda, Nano Letters 15, 182−189 (2015).

Elastic coupling between the layers in 2D films
Y. Gao, S. Zhou, S. Kim, H.-C. Chiu, D. Nelias, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, R. Sordan, L. Polloni, A. Bongiorno, E.Riedo, Nature Mat 14, 714 (2015). [HAL]

Local tuning of graphene thickness on 4H-SiC C-face using decomposing silicon nitride masks
R. Puybaret, J. Hankinson, J. Palmer, C. Bouvier, A. Ougazzaden, P. L. Voss, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 152001 (2015). arXiv: 1307.6197 [arXiv]

Infrared magneto-spectroscopy of two-dimensional and three-dimensional massless fermions: A comparison
M. Orlita, C. Faugeras, A.L. Barra, G. Martinez, M. Potemski, D.M. Basko, M.S. Zholudev, F. Teppe, W. Knap, V.I. Gavrilenko, N.N. Mikhailov, S.A. Dvoretskii, P. Neugebauer, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, Journal of Applied Physics 117, 112803 (2015). [HAL]

Microscopic Origins of the Terahertz Carrier Relaxation and Cooling Dynamics in Graphene
M.T. Mihnev, F. Kadi, C.J. J. Divin, T. Winzer, S. Lee, C.-H. Liu, Z. Zhong, X. Wang, R.S. Ruoff, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, E. Malic, A. Knorr, T.B. Norris, CLEO: 2015, Optical Society of America, 2015, pp. FTu4B.5. [HAL]

Terahertz near-field imaging of surface plasmon waves in graphene structures
O. Mitrofanov, W. Yu, R. Thompson, Y. Jiang, Z.J. Greenberg, J. Palmer, I. Brener, W. Pan, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, J. Jiang, Solid Stat Comm 224, 47-52 (2015). Invited. [HAL]

The question of intrinsic origin of the metal-insulator transition in i-AlPdRe quasicrystals
J. Delahaye, C. Berger, European J Phys B 88, 102 (2015) arxiv/1504.05464. hal-01144506 [arXiv]

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2014

Intraband carrier dynamics in Landau-quantized multilayer epitaxial graphene
M. Mittendorff, M. Orlita, M. Potemski, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, H. Schneider, M. Helm, S. Winnerl, New J. Phys 16, 123021(9pp)(2014).[arXiv]

Room temperature broadband coherent terahertz emission induced bydynamical photon drag in graphene
J. Maysonnave, S. Huppert, F. Wang, S. Maero, C. Berger, W. de Heer, T.B. Norris, L.A. De Vaulchier, S. Dhillon, J. Tignon, R. Ferreira and J. Mangeney, Nano Lett 14, 5797-5802 (2014).[arXiv]

Controlled epitaxial graphene growth within amorphous carbon corrals
J Palmer, J. Kunc, Y. Hu, J. Hankinson, Z. Guo, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, Appl Phys Lett 105, 023106 (5pp)(2014).[arXiv]

Anisotropy of excitation and relaxation of photogenerated Dirac electrons in graphene
M. Mittendorff, T. Winzer, E. Malic, A. Knorr, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, H. Schneider, M. Helm, S. Winnerl, Nano Letters 14, 1504-1507 (2014).[arXiv]

Planar edge Schottky barrier-tunneling transistors using epitaxial graphene/SiC junctions
J. Kunc, Y. Hu, J. Palmer, Z. Guo, J. Hankinson, S. H Gamal, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, Nano Letters 14, 5170-5175 (2014).

Exceptional ballistic transport in epitaxial graphene nanoribbons
J. Baringhaus, M. Ruan, F. Edler, A. Tejeda, M. Sicot, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, A.P. Li, Z. Jiang, E.H. Conrad, C. Berger, C. Tegenkamp, W. A. de Heer, Nature 506, 349-354 (2014).[arXiv]

Scalable control of graphene growth on 4H-SiC C-face using decomposing silicon nitride masks
R. Puybaret, J. Hankinson, J. Palmer, C. Bouvier, A. Ougazzaden, P. L. Voss, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, APL (submitted)[arXiv]

Local work function measurements of plasma-fluorinated epitaxial graphene
S. D. Sherpa, J. Kunc, Y. Hu, G. Levitin, W. A. de Heer, C. Berger, D. W. Hess, Appl Phys Lett 104, 081607 (3pp) (2014).

Film structure of epitaxial graphene oxide on SiC: Insight on the relationship between interlayer spacing, water content, and intralayer structure
S. Zhou, S. Kim, E. Di Gennaro, Y. Hu, C. Gong, X. Lu, C. Berger, W. de Heer, E. Riedo, Y. J. Chabal, C. Aruta, and A. Bongiorno, Adv. Funct. Interfaces, 1300106 (8pp) (2014).[arXiv]

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2013

Chemically Engineered Graphene-Based 2D Organic Molecular Magnet
J. M. Hong, E. Bekyarova, W. A. de Heer, R. C. Haddon, S. Khizroev, ASC Nano 7, 10011-10022 (2013).

A method to extract pure Raman spectrum of epitaxial graphene on SiC
J. Kunc, Y. Hu, J. Palmer, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, Appl Phys Lett 103, 201911 (5pp) (2013).[arXiv]

Probing terahertz surface plasmon waves in graphene structures
O. Mitrofanov, W. Yu, R. J. Thompson, Y. Jiang, I. Brener, W. Pan, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, Z. Jiang, App Phys Lett 103, 111105 (4pp) (2013).[arXiv]

Magnetoplasmons in quasi-neutral epitaxial graphene nanoribbons
J. M. Poumirol, W. Yu, X. Chen, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, M. L. Smith, T. Ohta, W. Pan, M. O. Goerbig, D. Smirnov, Z. Jiang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 246803 (2013).[arXiv]

Record Maximum Oscillation Frequency in C-face Epitaxial Graphene transistors
Z. Guo, R. Dong, P.S. Chakraborty, N. Lourenco, J. Palmer, Y. Hu, M. Ruan, J. Hankinson, J. Kunc, J. D. Cressler, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, Nano Letters 13, 942 (2013).[arXiv]

Time-resolved spectroscopy on epitaxial graphene in the infrared spectral range: relaxation dynamics and saturation behavior
S Winnerl, F Göttfert, M Mittendorff, H Schneider, M Helm, T Winzer, E Malic, A Knorr, M Orlita, M Potemski, M Sprinkle, C Berger, W A de Heer, J. Phys.: Condens Matter 25 054202 (2013).

Le graphène épitaxié sur la terminaison carbone du carbure de silicium: Les propriétés d'une couche unique de graphène sur un millefeuille
A. Tejeda, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, C. Berger Reflets de la Physique 34-35, 84 (2013).

A wide band gap metal-semiconductor-metal nanostructure made entirely from graphene
J. Hicks, A. Tejeda, A. A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, M.S. M.S. Nevius, F. F. Wang, K. K. Shepperd, J. J. Palmer, F. Bertran, P. Le Fèvre, J. Kunc, W.A. de Heer, C. Berger, E.H. Conrad, Nature Physics 9, 49 (2013). [arXiv]

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2012

Room-Temperature Magnetic Ordering in Functionalized Graphene
J. M. Hong, E. Bekyarova, P. Liang, W. A. de Heer, R. C. Haddon, S. Khizroev, Sci. Rep. 2, 624 (2012).

Effect of functionalization on the electrostatic charging, tunneling, and Raman spectroscopy of epitaxial graphene
J.M. Hong, S. Niyogi, E. Bekyarova, M. E. Itkis, P. Ramesh, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, R. C. Haddon,S. Khizroev, J. Vac Sci. & Tech. B 30 (3) 03D103 ( 2012).

Current relaxation due to hot carrier scattering in graphene
D. Sun, C. Divin, M. Mihnev, T. Winzer, E. Malic, A. Knorr, J. E Sipe, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, P. N First, T. B Norris, New J. Phys. 14 105012 (2012).

Epitaxial graphene on silicon carbide: introduction to structured graphene
M. Ruan, Y. Hu, Z. Guo, R. Dong, J. Palmer, J. Hankinson, C. Berger, Walt A. de Heer, MRS Bulletin 37, 1146 (2012).

Electronic structure of epitaxial graphene grown on the C-face of SiC and its relation to the structure
A. Tejeda, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, W. de Heer, C. Berger, E.H. Conrad New J Phys 14, 125007 (2012).

Observation of enhanced nanoscale radiative heat flow due to surface plasmons in graphene and doped silicon
P. J. van Zwol, S. Thiel, C.Berger, W. A. de Heer, J. Chevrier Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 264301 (2012). [arXiv]

Highly efficient spin transport in epitaxial graphene on SiC
B. Dlubak, P. Seneor, A. Anane, C. Deranlot, B. Servet, S. Xavier, M. Sprinkle, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, F. Petroff, A. Fert, Nature Physics 8 , 557, (2012). [arXiv]

Resonant Excitation of Graphene K-Phonon and Intra-Landau-Level Excitons in Magneto-Optical Spectroscopy
M. Orlita, Liang Z. Tan, M. Potemski, M. Sprinkle, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, Steven G. Louie, and G. Martinez Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 247401 (2012). [arXiv]

Structured epitaxial graphene growth
Y. Hu, M. Ruan, Z. Guo, R. Dong, J. Palmer, J. Hankinson, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 45 154010 (2012) (invited). [arXiv]

Evidence for Interlayer Electronic Coupling in Multilayer Epitaxial Graphene from Polarization Dependent Coherently Controlled Photocurrent Generation
D. Sun, Dong, J. Rioux, J. Sipe, M. Mihnev,Y. Zou, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, P. First, T. Norris Phys. Rev B 85, 165427 (2012). [arXiv]

Room Temperature Metastability of Multilayer Graphene Oxide Films
S. Kim, S. Zhou, Yi. Hu, M. Acik, Y. J. Chabal, C. Berger, W. de Heer, A. Bongiorno, E. Riedo Nature Materials 11, 544 (2012).

Resistively detected microwave spin resonance and zero-field spitting in epitaxial graphene
R. Mani, J. Hankinson, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer Nature communication 3, 996 (2012). [arXiv]

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2011

X-ray radiation effects in multilayer epitaxial graphene
J. Hicks, R. Arora, E. Kenyon, P. S. Chakraborty, H. Tinkey, J. Hankinson, C. Berger, W A. de Heer, E. H. Conrad, J. D. Cressler App. Phys. Lett. 99, 232102 (2011).

Covalent Chemistry for Graphene Electronics
S. Niyogi, E. Bekyarova, J. Hong, S. Khizroev,C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, R.C. Haddon J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2, 2487 (2011)

Magneto-optics of bilayer inclusions in multilayered epitaxial graphene on the carbon face of SiC
M. Orlita, C. Faugeras, J. Borysiuk, J. M. Baranowski, W. Strupinski, M. Sprinkle, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, D. M. Basko, G. Martinez, M. Potemski Phys. Rev. B 83, 125302 (2011). [arXiv]

Time resolved spectroscopy on quantum dots and graphene at the FELBE free-electron laser
S. Winner, D. Steh, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, M. Helm, W. Seidel, P. Michel, E.A. Zibik, B. A. Carpenter, N. E. Porter, M. S. Skolnick, L. R. Wilson, T. Grange, R. Ferreira, G. Bastard, M. Orlita, P. Plochocka, P.; Kossacki, M. Potemski, M. Sprinkle, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, Ultrafast phenomena in semiconductors and nanostructure materials XV book Series: p 793708 (2011).

Le graphène épitaxié : un cas d'école de graphène isolé
C. Berger, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi L'actualité chimique 356-357, 116 (2011).

High Mobility Epitaxial Graphene for Carbon-based Nanoelectronics
C. Berger, M. Ruan, J. Palmer, J. Hankinson, Y. Hu, Z. Guo, R. Dong, E. Conrad, W. A. de Heer ECS transactions - ULSI Process Integration 7- 41, 43 (2011).

Carrier dynamics in epitaxial graphene close to the Dirac point
S. Winnerl, M. Orlita, P. Plochocka, P. Kossacki, M. Potemski, T. Winzer, E. Malic, A. Knorr, M. Sprinkle, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, H. Schneider, M. Helm Phys. Rev. Lett, (in print). [arXiv]

Thermoelectric effect in high mobility single layer epitaxial graphene
X. Wu, Y. Hu, M. Ruan, N. K. Madiomanana, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 133102 (2011). [arXiv]

Interlayer Electronic Coupling Observed by Polarization Dependent Coherently Controlled Photocurrent Generation in Multilayer Epitaxial Graphene
Sun, D., Rioux, J., Sipe, J. E., Berger, C., de Heer, W., Norris, T. B., 2011 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Cleo) 2011

Microscopic correlation between chemical and electronic states in epitaxial graphene on SiC(000-1)
C. Mathieu, N. Barrett, J. Rault, and Y.Y. Mi, B. Zhang and W.A. de Heer, C. Berger, E.H. Conrad, O. Renault Phys Rev. B 83, 235436 (2011). [arXiv]

Hot carrier cooling by acoustic phonons in epitaxial graphene by ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy
D. Sun, C. Divin, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, P. N. First, T. B. Norris Physica Status Solidi C: Current Topics in Solid State Physics, Vol 8, No 4 2011, 8

Symmetry breaking in commensurate graphene rotational stacking; a comparison of theory and experiment
J. Hicks, M. Sprinkle, K. Shepperd, F. Wang, A. Tejeda, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, F. Bertran, P. Le Fèvre, W.A. de Heer, C. Berger, E.H. Conrad Phys. Rev. B 83, 205403 (2011). [arXiv]

Large area and structured epitaxial graphene produced by confinement controlled sublimation of silicon carbide
W. A. de Heer, C. Berger, M. Ruan, M. Sprinkle, X. Li, Yike Hu, B. Zhang, J. Hankinson, E.H. Conrad PNAS 108 (41) 16900 (2011). [arXiv]

The Development of Epitaxial Graphene For 21st Century Electronics
W.A. de Heer MRS bulletin 36,633 (2011). [arXiv]

Carrier scattering from dynamical magneto-conductivity in quasi-neutral epitaxial graphene
M. Orlita, C. Faugeras, R. Grill, A. Wysmolek, W. Strupinski, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, G. Martinez, M. Potemski Phys. Rev Lett 107, 216603 (2011) [arXiv]

Effect of nitrophenyl functionalization on the magnetic properties of epitaxial graphene
M. E. Itkis, F. Wang, P. Ramesh, E. Bekyarova, S. Niyogi, X. Chi, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, R. C. Haddon Small 7(9),1175 (2011).

Enhanced photosensitivity of electro-oxidized epitaxial graphene
J. Hong, S. Niyog , E. Bekyarov , M. E. Itkis, P. Ramesh , N. Amos, D. Litvinov ,C. Berger ,W. A. de Heer, S. Khizroev, R. C. Haddon Appl. Phys Lett. 98, 093115 (2011).

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2010

Electro-Oxidized Epitaxial Graphene Channel Field-Effect Transistors with Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Thin Film Gate Electrode
P. Ramesh, M. E. Itkis, E. Bekyarova, F. Wang, S. Niyogi, X. Chi, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, R. C. Haddon J. Am. Chem. Soc., 132, 14429 (2010).

Spectroscopy of Covalently Functionalized Graphene
S. Niyogi, E. Bekyarova, M.E. Itkis, H. Zhang, K. Shepperd, J. Hicks, M. Sprinkle, C. Berger, C. Ning Lau, W. A. de Heer, E. H. Conrad, R. C. Haddon Nano Lett, 10, 4061 (2010). [Link]

Real-space mapping of magnetically quantized graphene states
D.L. Miller, K.D. Kubista, G.M. Rutter, M. Ruan, W.A. de Heer, M. Kindermann, P. N. First, J. A. Stroscio Nature Physics 6, 811 (2010).

High-resolution tunnelling spectroscopy of a graphene quartet
Young Jae Song, Alexander F. Otte, Young Kuk, Yike Hu, David B. Torrance, Phillip N. First, Walt A. de Heer, Hongki Min, Shaffique Adam, Mark D. Stiles, Allan H. MacDonald, Joseph A. Stroscio Nature Physics 467, 185 (2010).[Link]

Structural analysis of multilayer graphene via atomic moiré interferometry
D. L. Miller, K. D. Kubista, G. M. Rutter, M. Ruan, W. A. de Heer, P. N. First, and J. A. Stroscio Phys Rev. B 81, 125427 (2010). [arXiv]

Electronic properties of epitaxial graphene
C. Berger, J-Y.-Yves Veuillen, L. Magaud, P. Mallet, V. Olevano, M. Orlita, P. Plochocka, C.Faugeras, G. Martinez, M. Potemski, C. Naud, L P. Lévy, D. Mayou Int. J. Nanotechnol., Vol. 7 Special Issue: Sp. Iss. SI, 383 (2010).[Link]

Nanoscale tunable reduction of graphene oxide for graphene electronics
Z. Wei, D. Wang, S. Kim, Y. Kim, Y. Hu, M. K. Yakes, A. R. Laracuente, Z. Dai, S. R. Marder, C. Berger, W. P. King, W. A. de Heer, P.E. Sheehan, E. Riedo Science 328(5984), 1373 (2010). [Link]

Scalable Templated growth of graphene nanoribbons on SiC
M. Sprinkle, M. Ruan, X. Wu, Y. Hu, M. Rubio-Roy, J. Hankinson, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer Nature Nanotechnology 5, 727 (2010)[Link]

Structural analysis of multilayer graphene via atomic moireacute interferometry
D. L. Miller, K. D. Kubista, G. M Rutter, M. Ruan, W. A. de Heer, First P. N., J. A. Stroscio Phys. Rev. B 81, 125427 (2010).

Epitaxial Graphene Electronic Structure And Transport (invited)
W.A. de Heer, C. Berger, X. Wu, Y. Hu, M. Ruan, J. Stroscio, P. First, R. Haddon, B. Piot, C. Faugeras, M. Potemski J. Phys D, special Issue Carbon Related Materials Cluster Issue (Ed P. Soukiassian)[arXiv]

Effect of a magnetic field on the two-phonon Raman scattering in graphene
C. Faugeras, P. Kossacki, D.M. Basko, M. Amado, M. Sprinkle, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, and M. Potemski Physical Review B 81,155436 (2010).,[arXiv]

Epitaxial Graphenes on Silicon Carbide
P.N. First, W.A. de Heer, T. Seyller, C. Berger, J.A. Stroscio, J-S Moon MRS Bulletin 35, 296(2010).[arXiv]

Structured epitaxial graphene growth on SiC by selective graphitization using a patterned AIN cap
M. Rubio-Roy, F. Zaman, Y. Hu, C. Berger, M.W. Moseley, J.D. Meindl, W.A. de Heer Applied Phys Lett 96, 082112(2010).[Link]

Epitaxial Graphene
Walt A. de Heer, Xiaosong Wu, Claire Berger (invited) Nanoscience Handbook, Ed K. Sattler, Taylor & Francis Publisher (CRC press) [Link]

Spectroscopic Measurement of Interlayer Screening in Multilayer Epitaxial Graphene
D. Sun, C. Divin, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, P. N. First, T. B. Norris Physical Review Letters 104, 136802 (2010).[Link]

Coherent Control of Ballistic Photocurrents in Epitaxial Graphene Using Quantum Interference
D. Sun, C. Divin, J. Rioux, J. E. Sipe, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, P. N. First, T. B. Norris Nano Lett 10, 1293 (2010). [Link]

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2009

Half integer quantum Hall effect in high mobility single layer epitaxial graphene
X. Wu, Y. Hu, M. Ruan, N. K. Madiomanana, J. Hankinson, M. Sprinkle, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer Applied Physics Letters 95, 223108 (2009). [arXiv]

Epitaxial graphene: the material for graphene electronics
M. Sprinkle, P. Soukiassian, W. A. de Heer, C. Berger, and E. H. Conrad Phys. Status Solidi RRL 3, A91 (2009).

Tuning the electron-phonon coupling in multilayer graphene with magnetic fields
C. Faugeras, M. Amado, P. Kossacki, M. Orlita, M. Sprinkle, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, M. Potemski Phys Rev Lett 103, 186803 (2009). [arXiv]

Slowing hot-carrier relaxation in graphene using a magnetic field
P. Plochocka, P. Kossacki, A. Golnik, T. Kazimierczuk, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, M. Potemski Phys. Rev. B 80, 245415 2009 [arXiv]

Top and side gated epitaxial graphene field effect transistors
X. Li, X. Wu, M. Sprinkle, F. Ming, M. Ruan, Y. Hu, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer Phys. Status Solidi, A 207, No. 2, 286 [arXiv]

First direct observation of a nearly ideal graphene band structure
M. Sprinkle, D. Siegel, Y. Hu, J. Hicks, P. Soukiassan, A. Tejeda, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, P. Le Févre, F. Bertran, S. Vizzini, H. Enriquez, S. Chiang, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, A. Lanzara, E. H. Conrad Phys Rev Lett 103, 226803 (2009) [arXiv]

Observing the Quantization of Zero Mass Carriers in Graphene
D. L. Miller, K. D. Kubista, G. M. Rutter, M. Ruan, Walt A. de Heer, P. N. First, J. A. Stroscio Science 324, 924 (2009) [Link]

Graphene
W. A. de Heer McGraw-Hill yearbook of Science & Technology 2009, p143 (2009).

Magneto-transmission of multi-layer epitaxial graphene and bulk graphite: A comparison
M. Orlita, C. Faugeras, G. Martinez, D. K. Madue, J. M. Schneider, M. Sprinkle, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, M. Potemski Solid State Commun. 149, 1128 (2009) [arXiv]

Chemical Modification of Epitaxial Graphene: Spontaneous Grafting of Aryl Groups
E. Bekyarova, M. E. Itkis, P. Ramesh, R. C. Haddon, C. Berger, M. Sprinkle, W. A. de Heer J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131, 1336 (2009). [Link]

Ultrafast dynamics and interlayer thermal coupling of hot carriers in epitaxial graphene
D Sun, Z-K Wu, C. Divin, X Li, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, P. N. First, T. B. Norris Phys. Status Solidi C 6, No. 2, 470-473 (2009). [Link]

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2008

Approaching the Dirac point in high mobility multi-layer epitaxial graphene
M. Orlita, C. Faugeras, P. Plochocka, P. Neugebauer, G. Martinez, D. K. Maude, A.-L. Barra, M. Sprinkle , C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, M. Potemski Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 267601 (2008) [arXiv]

Approaching the Dirac point in high mobility multi-layer epitaxial graphene
M. Orlita, C. Faugeras, G. Martinez, D. K. Maude, J. M. Schneider, M. Sprinkle, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, M. Potemski Phys stat sol (a), 267601 (2008)

Hot Dirac Fermions in Epitaxial Graphene
D. Sun, Z.-K. Wu, C. Divin, X. Li, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, P. N. First, T. B. Norris Phys. Rev. Lett 101, 157402 (2008) [arXiv]

Quenching of Quantum Hall Effect and the Role of Undoped Planes in Epitaxial Graphene
P. Darancet, N. Wipf, D. Mayou, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 116806 (2008) [arXiv]

The Growth and Morphology of Epitaxial Mulitlayer Graphene
J. Hass, W. A. de Heer, E. H. Conrad J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 20, 323202-323229 (Invited topical review) [Link]

Epitaxial Graphene Electron Devices on SiC Substrates
J. Kedzierski, P.-L. Hsu, P. Healey, P. Wyatt, C. Keast, M. Sprinkle, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer IEEE /Transactions on Electron Devices 55, 2078 (2008) [arXiv]

Probing the high-energy limit of massless Dirac fermions in multi-layer graphene
P. Plochocka, C. Faugeras, M. Orlita, M.L. Sadowski, G. Martinez, M. Potemski, M.O. Goerbig, J.-N. Fuchs, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer Phys. Rev. Let. 100, 087401 (2008) [arXiv]

Epitaxially-grown graphite on silicon carbide, pyrolitic graphite and graphene: a Raman scattering study
C. Faugeras, A. Nerriere, M. Potemski, A. Mahmood, E. Dujardin, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer Appl. Phys. Let. 92, 011914 (2008) [arXiv]

The epitaxial-graphene/graphene-oxide junction, an essential step towards epitaxial graphene electronics
X. Wu, M. Sprinkle, X. Li, F. Ming, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer Phys Rev Lett 101, 026801 (2008) [arXiv]

Why Multilayer Graphene on 4H-SiC(000-1) Behaves Like a Single Sheet of Graphene
J. Hass, F. Varchon, J. E. Millan-Otoya, M. Sprinkle, W. A. de Heer, C. Berger, P. N. First, L. Magaud, E. H. Conrad Phys. Rev. Let 100, 125504 (2008) [Link]

Dirac particles in epitaxial graphene films grown on SiC
C. Berger, X. Wu, P. N. First, E. H. Conrad, X. Li, M. Sprinkle, J. Haas, F. Varchon, L. Magaud, M. Sadowski, G. Martinez, W. A. de Heer Advances in Solid State Physics 47, 145 (2008) [Link]

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2007

Pionics: The Emerging Science and Technology of Graphene-based Electronics
W. A. de Heer, C. Berger, E. Conrad, P. First, R. Murali, J. Meindl IEDM 2007 [Link]

Electron states of mono- and bilayer graphene on SiC probed by STM
P. Mallet, F. Varchon, C. Naud, L. Magaud, C. Berger, and J.-Y. Veuillen Physical Review B 76, 041403 (2007) [Link]

Substrate-induced band gap opening in epitaxial graphene
S.Y. Zhou, G.-H. Gweon, A.V. Fedorov, P.N. First, W.A. de Heer, D.-H. Lee, F. Guinea, A.H. Castro Neto, A. Lanzara Nature Materials 6, 770 - 775 (2007) [arXiv]

Electronic structure of epitaxial graphene layers on SiC: effect of the substrate
F. Varchon, R. Feng, J. Hass, X. Li, B. Ngoc Nguyen, C. Naud, P. Mallet, J.-Y. Veuillen, C. Berger, E.H. Conrad, and L. Magaud Physical Review Letters 99, 126805 (2007) [Link]

Structural properties of the multi-layer graphene/4H-SiC(000-1) system as determined by Surface X-ray Diffraction
J. Hass, R. Feng, J.E. Millán-Otoya, X. Li, M. Sprinkle, P. N. First, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, and E. H. Conrad Physical Rev. B 75 (21), 214109 (2007) [Link]

Magnetospectroscopy of epitaxial few-layer graphene
M.L. Sadowski, G. Martinez, M. Potemski, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer Solid State Communication 143 (1-2), 123-125 (2007) [Link]

Epitaxial graphene
Walt A. de Heer, Claire Berger, Xiaosong Wu, Phillip N. First, Edward H. Conrad, Xuebin Li, Tianbo Li, Michael Sprinkle, Joanna Hass, Marcin L. Sadowski, Marek Potemski, Gerard Martinez Solid State Communications 143 (1-2), 92-100 (2007) [Link]

Magnetotransport in high mobility epitaxial graphene
Claire Berger, Zhimin Song, Xuebin Li, Xiaosong Wu, Nate Brown, Duncan Maud, Cécile Naud, Walt A. de Heer Physica Status Solidi A 204 (6), 1746-1750 (2007) [Link]

Weak anti-localization in epitaxial graphene
X. Wu, X. Li, Z. Song, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer Physical Review Letters 98, 136801 (2007) [Link]

Magnetospectroscopy of Epitaxial Graphene
M.L. Sadowski, G. Martinez, M. Potemski, C. Berger, and W.A. De Heer International Journal of Modern Physics B 21 (8/9), 1145 (2007) [Link]

Synthesis and characterization of atomically thin graphite films on a silicon carbide substrate
E. Rollings, G.-H. Gweon, S.Y. Zhou, B.S. Mun, J.L. McChesney, B.S. Hussain, A.V. Fedorov, P.N. First, W.A. de Heer, A. Lanzara Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids 67, 2172 (2006) [Link]

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2006

Infrared Magnetospectroscopy of Two-dimensional Electrons in Epitaxial Graphene
M.L. Sadowski, G. Martinez, M. Potemski, C. Berger, and W.A. de Heer Int. Conf. Phys. Semiconductors, Vienna '06 (2006) [Link]

Landau level-spectroscopy of ultra-thin graphite layers
M. Sadowski, G. Martinez, M. Potemski, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer Physical Review Letters 97,266,605 (2006) [Link]

Highly-ordered graphene for two dimensional electronics
J. Hass, C. A. Jeffrey, R. Feng, T. Li, X. Li, Z. Song, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, P. N. First, E. H. Conrad Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 143106 (2006) [Link]

Electronic Confinement and Coherence in Patterned Epitaxial Graphene
C Berger, Z. Song, X. Li, X. Wu, N. Brown, C. Naud, D. Mayou, T. Li, J. Hass, A. N. Marchenkov, E. H. Conrad, P. N. First, W. A. de Heer Science 312, 1191 (2006) [Link]

2004

Ultrathin epitaxial graphite: 2D electron gas properties and a route toward graphene-based nanoelectronics
C. Berger, Z. Song, T. Li, X. Li, A. Y. Ogbazghi, R. Feng, Z. Dai, A. N. Marchenkov, E. H. Conrad, P. N. First, W. A. de Heer J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 19912 (2004). [Link]

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Dissertations

Structured epitaxial graphene for electronics
Ming Ruan, 2012

Epitaxial graphene on silicon carbide: low-vacuum growth, characterization, and device fabrication
Michael W. Sprinkle, 2010

Epitaxial graphene films on SiC: growth, characterization, and devices
Xuebin Li, 2008

Fabrication and Characterization of Nanopatterned Epitaxial Graphene Films for Carbon Based Electronics
Zhimin Song, 2007

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"... all our science, measured against reality, is primitive and childlike –
and yet it is the most precious thing we have." - Einstein

Copyright © 2011 W.A. de Heer